The concept of public order in courts of regional economic integration

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Author: Olga Kadysheva

DOI: 10.21128/2226-2059-2023-2-17-32

Keywords: public order; exceptions; freedoms of the single market; the EU Court; the EAEU Court


According to the traditional view, issues of public order relate to private international law, where reference to the public order of the State is used as the basis for a court’s refusal to apply a foreign law or to recognize and execute a foreign judicial or arbitral award. However, the concept of public order has recently become firmly rooted in public international law, where it is used in both broad and narrow senses of its meaning. Public order in the narrow sense is one of the grounds provided for by an international treaty for the legitimate refusal of a State to fulfill its obligations under the treaty. Public order in the broad sense is a set of norms that are fundamental to a particular international legal order and ensure its stability and effectiveness. In the article, issues of the implementation of the concept of public order in its broad and narrow senses are examined by using as examples decisions by courts of regional economic integration (the Court of the European Union and the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union). It shows how the Court of Justice of the EU resolved the issue of public order as one of the exceptions provided for by the constituent treaties of the EU in relation to the market freedoms of the single internal market, as well as showing the Court’s attempt to take control of the application of this provision by EU member States. The article also explains the reasons for the EU Court’s use of the concept of public order in its broad sense, primarily in matters of the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards by EU member states’ national courts. As for the practice of the EAEU Court in these matters, it is noted that public order issues in both senses have not yet been the subject of detailed consideration by the Court and are only beginning to be briefly mentioned in dissenting opinions of individual judges.

About the author: Olga Kadysheva – Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) in Law, Associate Professor, Department of International Law, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

Citation: Kadysheva O. (2023) Kontseptsiya publichnogo poryadka v sudakh regional’noy ekonomicheskoy integratsii [The concept of public order in courts of regional economic integration]. Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 17–32. (In Russian).


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