Available in Russian
Author: Alyona Gerashchenko
Keywords: information privacy; personal data; information security; national security; existential security; the Internet
Information privacy is the protection of personal data, which is the foundation of privacy itself. Information privacy and information security are two concepts that constantly interact with each other. The relationship of the two is dialectical and presents a dilemma that does not have an evident legal solution but requires a search for balance. In the most controversial cases this search is done by supranational courts. The correlation of information privacy and information security is similar to the relationship of private and public spheres which mutually complement each other and demonstrate by their equilibrium the harmonious development of citizen, society and state. In Russia the grounds for information security of citizen and society arose in 1991 with the advent of the citizen’s right to private life. Before that only the state had information security. This new approach to the understanding of information security demonstrates that the citizen now has an active role in the information space. The fragile state of international information security and the lack of information security of citizen, society and the state in modern conditions have become powerful incentives for the development of information law, scholarship, and theory. At the same time, strengthening information security, in the context of active technological and informational development, can narrow the boundaries of citizens’ information privacy. This gives rise either to an incentive to abandon private life and the protection of personal data generally (referred to as information “post-privacy”) or to an incentive to excessively protect information privacy. Both phenomena testify to the low level of existential security of citizens and the need to find a balance between private life and the objective and subjective aspects of security. The author reviews decisions of the ECtHR and the Court of Justice of the European Union, showing their role in strengthening the national information security of the EU; explores the approaches of the ECtHR to understanding security, the right to privacy and the right to self-determination; and analyzes American and the Russian court decisions influencing their definitions of the right to privacy and the right to protection of personal data. The author concludes that the “death of private life” is associated with a crisis of self-determination and self-identification of the subject, caused by informatization and by placing an economic value on information. This crisis, in turn, stimulates development of the objective side of information security, making it possible to strengthen the subjective side of existential security. The author posits that if citizen and society have a stable subjective side of existential security, the right to privacy will be reborn.
About the author: Alyona Gerashchenko – Ph.D. Student, Faculty Member, Faculty of Law, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia.
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